Documentary History of the International Criminal Court
This 2-volume collection contains a historical documentation about the ICC with the goal of getting a general idea of how the Court was established and the reasons that led to its establishment. It also presents the structure of the Court, its jurisdiction and admissibility and how the Court works. The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, named after the place where it was adopted (Rome, Italy) on 17 July 1998 by the United Nations Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court. The Rome Statute is an international treaty, binding only on those States that formally express their consent to be bound by its provisions. These States then become 'Parties' to the Statute. In accordance with its terms, the Statute entered into force on 1 July 2002, once 60 States had become Parties. In total, 105 States have become Parties to the Statute. Following the adoption of the Rome Statute, the United Nations convened the Preparatory Commission for the International Criminal Court. As with the Rome Conference, all States were invited to participate in the Preparatory Commission. Among its achievements, the Preparatory Commission reached consensus on the Rules of Procedure and Evidence and the Elements of Crimes. These two text were subsequently adopted by the Assembly of States Parties. Together with the Rome Statute and the Regulations of the Court adopted by the judges, they comprise the Court`s basic legal texts, setting out its structure, jurisdiction and functions. The ICC is an independent, permanent court that tries persons accused of the most serious crimes of international concern, namely genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.
Publication Date: 12/31/2009