Micro Finance and Micro Enterprises in India
Most people living in India's rural areas draw their livelihoods from agriculture and allied sectors. However, the growth and balanced development of other sectors, such as industry and services, is also necessary to sustain the growth of the economy in an inclusive manner. Micro credit has emerged as a visible credit channel to the poor as their access to conventional credit channels is constrained by the requirement of collateral and high transaction cost. The target groups, therefore, broadly comprise small and marginal farmers, agricultural and non-agricultural laborers, artisans and craftsmen, and other poor individuals engaged in small businesses. This book focuses on micro finance and the micro enterprises in India, which help provide livelihoods, generate export earnings, and touch upon the lives of the remotest and most marginalized people. The needs, problems, and potential of these enterprises differ not just with the nature of activity (weaving, knitting, wood-carving, etc.), but also with the size, geographical location, and organizational structure. Not only do micro enterprises generate the highest employment per capita investment, they also go a long way in checking rural-urban migration by providing villagers and people living in isolated areas with a sustainable source of employment.
Publication Date: 2/21/2013