Panchayati Raj and Reservation Policy
By B. M. Sharma
The most important feature of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment is to facilitate social change and social justice among the marginalised sections of the society with the help of reservations. It is indeed a path-breaking step towards evolution of an egalitarian society. The reservation makes Panchayati Raj Institutions more participatory and representative. All sections of rural society get represented and local institutions seem more democratic. Reservation has not only inducted these deprived groups to enter into the ruling segment, but has ensured them a life of dignity. They are gradually developing leadership capabilities which will ensure a bright future for the SCs, STs, OBCs and women. With the implementation of 73rd Constitutional Amendment, women are actively participating in the meetings of Panchayati Raj bodies and their views are given due significance in the policymaking process aimed at development of their villages. Women are coming out of their houses, canvassing for elections, asking for votes in their favour. Reservation has certainly helped in the improvement of the position and status of Dalits and women in the society. The present study is an empirical survey based on primary data and information. The two Zila Parishads, namely Jaipur and Sikar, have been selected for this field study. The book will interest teachers, researchers, NGOs, policy makers and development practitioners.
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