Catholicism, War and the Foundation of Francoism

The Juventud de Accion Popular in Spain, 1931-1939

By Sid Lowe

Dr. Lowe fuses social and political analysis to demonstrate how, at the grass roots of Spanish society, the political culture of the long-lived Franco dictatorship was crucially instigated by the radical, mass Catholic youth movement, JAP. Lowe's originality lies in the fact that his analysis pinpoints the moment and demonstrates the mechanism by which radical Catholics in Spain became fascists. In doing this he has cut the gordian knot that inhibits much of the conventional historiography on the Spanish Catholic right during the 1930s.--Helen Graham, Royal Holloway U. of London *** Now available in paperback! Spain's first democracy was announced to popular jubilation in April 1931, a new dawn ushered in without a single shot being fired. Yet just over five years later the country was plunged into a brutal civil war that left hundreds of thousands dead and an authoritarian dictatorship under General Francisco Franco that lasted almost forty years. Catholicism, War and the Foundation of Francoism analyzes Spain's dramatic political shift, reassessing the role of the right as it mobilised against the Second Republic, swinging from ostensibly "moderate" Catholic conservatism to fascist violence. By providing the first detailed study of the uniformed, paramilitary Juventud de Acci?n Popular (JAP), Sid Lowe challenges the historiographical orthodoxy on Spanish fascism and assumptions about the role of the hegemonic right-wing party during the Republican years, Jos? Mar?a Gil Robles's CEDA. Drawing on a wide range of previously uncovered primary material, the author demonstrates that much of the parliamentary right, its leadership included, abandoned the legal road to power when it could no longer use democracy as a Trojan Horse with which to conquer the state. Vital new light is thrown on the conspiracy to destroy the Republic, the Nationalist war effort, the creation of the new state, and the true social and political origins of the Franco r?gime. Published in association with the Ca?ada Blanch Centre. [Subject: Catholic Studies, History, Spanish Studies, Fascism]


Publication Date: 3/1/2018
Format: Paper
ISBN: 9781845199241

Available in other formats