Same-Sex Relationships and Beyond (3rd edition)

Gender Matters in the EU

Edited by: Katharina Boele-Woelki, Angelika Fuchs

The legal status of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people has undergone significant changes in several countries, but remains highly complex and difficult for those affected. Although same-sex partners may have the right to marry or enter into a registered partnership in one Member State, this right may be denied when they exercise their right to freedom of movement. The same is true for certain parent-child relationships, which may be recognized as such in one Member State but not another. This book explores the challenges and controversies concerning the recognition of non-heterosexual relationships throughout the EU through the lens of EU legislation, the case law of the CJEU and ECtHR, and recent national developments. Following the Irish referendum and the recent ECtHR judgment in Oliari v. Italy, more changes are expected in the near future. The opening part of this book describes the current state of play in all EU Member States (and beyond) when formalizing a same-sex relationship, 'steady progress' being the key term in describing the developments in many countries (with the exception of six Eastern European States that object to legislation in this field). The second part concentrates on parenthood and children's rights, notably adoption, surrogacy, multiple parenting, and the range of parenting rights for same-sex couples, and transsexual and transgender people. The third section on gender identity and human rights, discusses the legal aftermath of the European Court of Human Rights' judgment in Oliari, condemning Italy for failing to protect homosexuals' right to family life. Furthermore, it explains European Union legislation against discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation, and the challenges lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender applicants are confronted with when reaching Europe as refugees. The book ends with a lively debate on the right to change one's legal gender, and it raises the fundamental question of whether we still need gender as a legal category or whether laws concerning partnership and parenting could feasibly be de-gendered. Does gender matter in the EU? This book is written for both the academic and professional readership. (Series: European Family Law, Vol. 42) [Subject: Human Rights Law, Family Law, EU Law]

Publication Date: 3/31/2017
Format: Paper
ISBN: 9781780684475