EULOCS. The EU Level Offence Classification System. A Bench-mark for Enhanced Internal Coherence of the EU's Criminal Policy
The EU Level Offence Classification System (EULOCS) brings together the current EU substantive criminal law acquis, building essentially on offence definitions referred to in legal instruments included in the EU Justice and Home Affairs (EU JHA) acquis. In doing so, EULOCS clarifies the scope between EU competence and national sovereignty with regard to defining criminal behavior. With this book, EULOCS is bench-marked as a reference index for serving various needs in the broader EU criminal policy area, having the potential to significantly enhance the internal coherence thereof. The proposed reference index, with offence definitions inherent to it, fundamentally addresses the problem created by the organic elaboration and adoption of legal instruments at the EU level, making reference to certain offence categories the scope or definition whereof is most often either not clarified or indicated, or left to the discretion of the individual Member States. Before elaborating on the creation of EULOCS - the methodology used, its main characteristics, and the potential for further development in the coming years - this book contains a brief overview of the incoherence in the EU JHA field and a reference to the EU study to implement the Action Plan to measure crime and criminal justice, conducted for the European Commission in the course of 2008-2009, in the context of which EULOCS has been created. Most importantly, the full EULOCS, with all its complementary variables and context fields, has been inserted. This book is essential reading for EU policy makers, judicial and law enforcement authorities throughout the Union, as well as those in a broader international context. It will be particularly appealing also to the research community and anyone involved in or taking an interest in justice and home affairs or criminal policy initiatives in the EU.
Publication Date: 12/31/2009