Commercial Banks in India
In India, the nationalization of commercial banks in 1969 and 1980 was a mixed blessing. After nationalization, there was a shift of emphasis from industry to agriculture. The country witnessed rapid expansion in bank branches, even in rural areas. However, bank nationalization created its own problems, such as excessive bureaucratization. Two distinct phases of reforms developed in the commercial banking sector. The first phase of reforms focused mainly on enabling and strengthening measures. The second phase placed greater emphasis on structural measures and improvement in standards of disclosure and levels of transparency in order to align the Indian standards with international practices. Reforms have brought about considerable improvements as reflected in various parameters relating to capital adequacy, asset quality, profitability, and operational efficiency. This present volume deals with various aspects related to the development of commercial banks in India, with particular focus on post-liberalization developments.
Publication Date: 3/1/2008