Migrant Ships to Australia and New Zealand
In 1904, New Zealand's shipping migration rose with government assistance. However, the outbreak of war brought migration to a halt. Later, in 1919, the British government subsidized shipping migration to assist ex-servicemen migrating to Australia and New Zealand. During 1922, no less than 15 liners joined the Australian migration trade - five 'Bay' ships for the Australian government, a second group of five 'B' Ships for the P & O Branch Line, two for the Aberdeen line, plus three ex-German ships operated by the Orient Line. The early 1920s saw one of New Zealand's major immigration flows. It also saw a dramatic rise in the number of Italian migrants heading for Australia. In 1925, the British and Australian governments announced they would fund the immigration of about 450,000 men and women to Australia from Britain. In 1938, Australia re-introduced an assisted migration scheme, however outbreak of war in September 1939 halted all migration. Following the success of Australian Migrant Ships: 1946-1977, Peter Plowman now examines the ships and shipping companies used to transport migrants to Australia and New Zealand from 1900 to 1939. This book is a catalogue of the vessels - where built, by whom, their tonnage, their voyages, and their ultimate fate.
Publication Date: 8/20/2009