The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
Edited by: Alexander Prolss
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) entered into force in 1994. Meanwhile, it has been ratified by about 160 States, including all the Member States of the EU, and the EU itself. The Convention defines the rights and duties of national States with regard to the use of the seas. UNCLOS consolidates customary international law and various Conventions previously concluded by the international community. This treaty, the most comprehensive ever concluded, is often referred to as 'the constitution for the seas.' In this article-by article commentary, a focus is laid on the interaction between UNCLOS and the European legal order, in such areas as the prevention and the reduction of environmental pollution or the fair distribution of natural resources.
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