Humiliation in International Relations
In international relations (IR), humiliation is currently commonplace. Denying states' status, and stigmatising their practices or even culture are common occurrences in modern diplomacy. After the well known and very selective European 'concert of powers', many kinds of club diplomacy have been, and continue to be, substituted for an attempted inclusive multilateralism. G7, G8, G20, but also P5 and many 'contact groups' are regarded as ruling institutions, which have the power to exclude and marginalise. Today, these humiliations are at the core of the system, revealing its limits, its lack of capacity and also pose a real threat to the power of the international order, which is being eroded by the use of humiliation. They have been generated and fuelled by an historical background, merging a colonial past, a failed decolonisation, a mistaken vision of globalisation and a very perilous post-bipolar reconstruction. Although this book primarily takes a social psychology approach to IR, it at the same time tries to promote another one by investigating the international system from a French sociological tradition, mainly inspired by Emile Durkheim. It is translated from Le Temps des Humili.
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