Northern Europe and the Future of the EU
The current relationship between the Nordic countries and the European Union appears complex and confusing. Although Denmark, in 1973, and Sweden and Finland, in 1995, joined the EU, the entry of Norway into the Union was rejected in the plebiscites of 1972 and 1994. Furthermore, Nordic EU members enjoy permanent exceptions to their integration into the EU: Denmark and Sweden, like the UK, have declined to become part of the monetary union. Finland is essentially the only Nordic country that entered the EU without substantial exceptions. In other words: the EU divides Nordic societies, which has resulted in a series of national exceptions to the integration process. Taken together, these exceptions have created a process where the overall geometry is contradictory and paradoxical. Considering this melange, this book discusses the actual state of Nordic integration into the EU from many different perspectives and illuminates future developments in the field of integration. It examines such questions as: Where is the North relative to Europe today? How can the geometry of Northern Europe's integration, developed over a long time, be characterized? What are the challenges that threaten further development of Nordic-European relationships?
Publication Date: 10/27/2011